## How do I calculate my mutual fund returns?

As an investor, you can calculate your Return on Investments (ROI), either for lump sum or SIPs in different ways. The following are some of the methods of calculating returns along with scenarios where it is applicable to use them:

**Case 1:**Lump sum investment for less than a year.

**Method of Calculation:**Absolute Return

Let’s say you made a lump sum investment of Rs. 2,75,000 on 28 May 2018 and the present value of the investment is Rs. 325000. In such a case, calculating the absolute return will give a true picture of your earnings.

Date | Amount |

2018/05/28 | -275000 |

2018/12/10 | 325000 |

Absolute Return | 18.18% |

*Negative Values indicate cash outflows.

**Absolute Return % = (Current Value - Investment Value) / Investment Value x 100**

= (325000 - 275000) / 275000 * 100

= 18.18

The absolute return shows the growth of your investment without considering the investment time period. It is simply the percentage difference in the money you had before investing and the money you have now.

**Case 2:**Lump sum investment over multiple years.

**Method of Calculation:**CAGR (Compounded Annual Growth Rate)

When a lump sum investment is made for more than a year, CAGR provides the right picture of your returns. CAGR represents the consistent rate at which the investment would have grown if the investment had compounded at the same rate each year.

Check

**this**out for more information on CAGR.Date | Amount |

2018/05/23 | -275000 |

2019/07/23 | 325000 |

Duration | 425 days |

CAGR | 15.43% |

**CAGR = [(Current Value / Investment Value)^(365/Number of Days)] - 1**

= [(325000/275000)^(365/425)] - 1

= 0.1543 [15.43%]

**Case 3:**SIP for less than a year

**Method of Calculation:**XIRR (Extended Internal Rate of Return)

In SIPs, you keep investing regularly over a long period and get back the maturity amount upon exit. Hence, you keep accumulating units from the day your SIP starts and the day you exit the scheme, i.e., redeem your total units, you get the maturity amount, which is NAV (of redemption day) multiplied by total units (on redemption day).

Now, to know how much return one's scheme has generated, you may use the XIRR. However, XIRR will show a higher, distorted return for SIP investments of less than a year.

Date | Amount |

2018/01/05 | -10000 |

2018/02/05 | -10000 |

2018/03/05 | -10000 |

2018/04/05 | -10000 |

2018/05/05 | -10000 |

2018/06/05 | -10000 |

2018/07/05 | -10000 |

2018/08/05 | -10000 |

2018/08/07 | 90000 |

XIRR | 47.28% |

*Negative Values indicate cash outflows.

XIRR is an excel function which can be used for calculating the yield for a schedule of cash flows occurring at different intervals. For more information on XIRR, click

**here**.**Case 4:**SIP for greater than a year.

**Method of Calculation:**XIRR

Similar to Case 3, XIRR is also applicable when calculating the return when your SIP is for greater than one year as well.

Date | Amount |

2017/12/05 | -10000 |

2018/01/05 | -10000 |

2018/02/05 | -10000 |

2018/03/05 | -10000 |

2018/04/05 | -10000 |

2018/05/05 | -10000 |

2018/06/05 | -10000 |

2018/07/05 | -10000 |

2018/08/05 | -10000 |

2018/09/05 | -10000 |

2018/10/05 | -10000 |

2018/11/05 | -10000 |

2018/12/05 | -10000 |

2019/01/05 | -10000 |

2019/01/07 | 180000 |

XIRR | 54.96% |

*Negative Values indicate cash outflows.

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